Plagiarism & Retraction
Editorial board of Nuances of Indonesian Language recognizes that plagiarism is not acceptable and therefore, it establishes the following policy stating specific actions (penalties) when plagiarism is identified in submitted article for publication in Nuances of Indonesian Language.
Plagiarism involves the "use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of an author by representing it as own original work."
Papers must be original, unpublished, and not pending publication in any journal and proceeding. Any material taken from another source needs to be clearly-identified from the original text through (1) indentation, (2) quotation marks, and (3) source identification.
Any text exceeding the writing standards (herein defined as more than two or three sentences or the equivalent thereof) or any graphic material reproduced from another source requires permission from the copyright holder and, if feasible, the original author(s) and identification of the source; e.g., previous publication.
When plagiarism is identified, Editor in Chief is responsible for reviewing the paper and resend the paper to the author by stating that the paper is detected into plagiarism in the plagiarism notification letter in the following guidelines:
Level of Plagiarism
A short section of another article is plagiarized without any significant data or idea taken from the other paper
Action: A warning is given to the author(s) and a request to change the text and properly cite the original article.
Intermediate: A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized without proper citation to the original paper.
Action: The submitted article is rejected and the author(s) are forbidden to submit further articles for one year
Severe: A significant portion of a paper is plagiarized that involves reproducing original results or ideas presented in another publication
Action: The paper is rejected and the authors are forbidden to submit further articles for five years.
It is understood that all authors are responsible for the content of their submitted paper as they all sign in the Jurnal Bahasa Copyright Transfer Form. If a penalty is imposed for plagiarism, all authors will be subjected to the same penalty.
If the second case of plagiarism by the same author(s) is identified, a decision on the measures to be enforced will be made by the Editorial board (Editor-in-Chief, and Editorial members) with the Chair of the Editor in Chief. The author(s) might be forbidden to submit further articles forever.
This policy applies also to material reproduced from another publication by the same author(s). If an author uses text or figures that have previously been published, the corresponding paragraphs or figures should be identified and the previous publication referenced. It is understood that in the case of a review paper or a paper of a tutorial nature much of the material was previously published.
The author should identify the source of the previously published material and obtain permission from the original author and the publisher. If an author submits a manuscript to Jurnal Bahasa with significant overlap with a manuscript submitted to another journal simultaneously, and this overlap is discovered during the review process or after the publications of both papers, the editor of the other journal is notified and the case is treated as a severe plagiarism case. Significant overlap means the use of identical or almost identical figures and identical or slightly modified text for one-half or more of the paper. For self-plagiarism of less than one-half of the paper but more than one tenth of the paper, the case shall be treated as intermediate plagiarism. If self-plagiarism is confined to the methods section, the case shall be considered as minor plagiarism.
If an author uses some of his previously published material to clarify the presentation of new results, the previously published material shall be identified and the difference to the present publication shall be mentioned. Permission to republish must be obtained from the copyright holder. In the case of a manuscript that was originally published in conference proceedings and then is submitted for publication in Jurnal Bahasa either in identical or in expanded form, the authors must identify the name of the conference proceedings and the date of the publication and obtain permission to republish from the copyright holder. The editor may decide not to accept this paper for publication.
However, an author shall be permitted to use material from an unpublished presentation, including visual displays, in a subsequent journal publication. In the case of a publication being submitted, that was originally published in another language, the title, date, and journal of the original publication must be identified by the authors, and the copyright must be obtained. The editor may accept such a translated publication to bring it to the attention of a wider audience. The editor may select a specific paper that had been published (e.g. a “historic” paper) for republication in order to provide a better perspective of a series of papers published in one issue of Jurnal Bahasa. This republication shall be clearly identified as such and the date and journal of the original publication shall be given, and the permission of the author(s) and the publisher shall be obtained.
Jurnal Bahasa layout editor for the Journal is responsible for maintaining the list of authors subjected to penalties and will check that no authors of a submitted paper are on this list. If a banned author is identified, the layout editor will inform the Editor-in-Chief who will take appropriate measures. This policy will be posted on the website with the instructions for submitting a manuscript, and a copy will be sent to the authors with the confirmation email upon initial receipt of their original manuscript. A sentence shall be added to the copyright transfer form to indicate that the author(s) have read the Plagiarism Policy.
The papers published in Nuances of Indonesian Language will be considered for a retraction if :
- They have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error)
- the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper crossreferencing, permission or justification (i.e. cases of redundant publication)
- it constitutes plagiarism
- it reports unethical research
- The mechanism of retraction follows the Retraction Guidelines of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)